IJMLC 2017 Vol.7(1): 13-17 ISSN: 2010-3700
DOI: 10.18178/ijmlc.2017.7.1.612

Alzheimer's Disease Detection Using Sparse Autoencoder, Scale Conjugate Gradient and Softmax Output Layer with Fine Tuning

Debesh Jha and Goo-Rak Kwon

Abstract—Accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) plays an important role for patients care particularly in the early phase of the disease. Although numerous studies have used machine learning techniques for the computer aided diagnosis (CAD) of AD, an obstacle in the diagnostic efficiency was shown in the former methods, due to deficiency of effective strategies for characterizing neuroimaging biomarkers and limitation in choosing the learning models. In this study, we propose a deep learning model, which consists of sparse autoencoders, scale conjugate gradient (SCG), stacked autoencoder and a softmax output layer, to subdue the bottleneck and support the analysis of AD and healthy controls. Compared to the former workflows, out technique requires less labeled training examples and minimal prior knowledge. The proposed methods provides a significant improvement in classification output when compared to other studies, resulted in high and reproducible accuracy rates of 91.6% with a sensitivity of 98.09% and a specificity of 84.09%.

Index Terms—Alzheimer’s disease, sparse autoencoder, scale conjugate gradient, softmax layer.

Debesh Jha and Goo-Rak Kwon are with Dept. of Information and comm., Engineering Chosun University, Gwanju, Korea (email: debeshjha1@gmail.com, grkwon@chosun.ac.kr).

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Cite: Debesh Jha and Goo-Rak Kwon, "Alzheimer's Disease Detection Using Sparse Autoencoder, Scale Conjugate Gradient and Softmax Output Layer with Fine Tuning," International Journal of Machine Learning and Computing vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 13-17, 2017.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3700 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Mach. Learn. Comput.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJMLC
  • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Lin Huang
  • Executive Editor:  Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Abstracing/Indexing: Scopus (since 2017), EI (INSPEC, IET), Google Scholar, Crossref, ProQuest, Electronic Journals Library.
  • E-mail: ijmlc@ejournal.net