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IJMLC 2019 Vol.9(6): 807-813 ISSN: 2010-3700
DOI: 10.18178/ijmlc.2019.9.6.877

Automated Tobacco Grading Using Image Processing Techniques and a Convolutional Neural Network

Charlie S. Marzan and Conrado R. Ruiz Jr.

Abstract—Tobacco grading is very important for crop market price determination. It is beneficial for graders who need to manually classify tobacco leaves according to their grades. As such, a grading system using image processing techniques and a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is proposed in this study which aims to surpass existing results in tobacco grading. The system consists of image acquisition, pre-processing, leaf detection, segmentation, and classification. Tobacco leaf images were directly taken at the tobacco grading room and pre-processed for subsequent tasks. Through a Haar cascade classifier and applying image processing techniques, air-cured tobacco leaves are automatically detected and extracted in images. This method produced satisfactory results as it can successfully detect single and multiple tobacco leaves taken under different positions and scale. All detected tobacco leaves underwent various image processing to precisely segment leaves from the rest of the image. The experimental results also reveal that using segmented and nonsegmented images, CNN classifier can effectively grade tobacco leaves as high as 96.25% accuracy rate and on average, took 7.43 ms to classify a single tobacco leaf. This approach outperforms current methods in grading tobacco leaves.

Index Terms—Convolutional neural network, image processing techniques, leaf detection, tobacco grading.

Charlie S. Marzan is with Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Philippines (e-mail: charlie_marzan@dlsu.edu.ph).
Conrado R. Ruiz Jr. is with De La Salle University, Philippines (e-mail: conrado.ruiz@dlsu.edu.ph).


Cite: Charlie S. Marzan and Conrado R. Ruiz Jr., "Automated Tobacco Grading Using Image Processing Techniques and a Convolutional Neural Network," International Journal of Machine Learning and Computing vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 807-813, 2019.

Copyright © 2019 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).


General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3700 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Mach. Learn. Comput.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJMLC
  • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Lin Huang
  • Executive Editor:  Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Abstracing/Indexing: Inspec (IET), Google Scholar, Crossref, ProQuest, Electronic Journals Library.
  • E-mail: ijmlc@ejournal.net

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