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Accepted 8 June 2020

A Model of Convolutional Neural Network Combined with External Knowledge to Measure the Question Similarity for Community Question Answering Systems

Van-Tu Nguyen, Anh-Cuong Le*, Ha-Nam Nguyen

Abstract: Automatically determining similar questions and ranking the obtained questions according to their similarities to each input question is a very important task  to any community Question Answering system (cQA). Various methods have applied for this task including conventional machine learning methods with feature extraction and some recent studies using deep learning methods. This paper addresses the problem of how to combine advantages of different methods into one unified model. Moreover, deep learning models are usually only effective for large data, while training data sets in cQA problems are often small, so the idea of integrating external knowledge into deep learning models for this cQA problem becomes more important. To this objective, we propose a neural network-based model which combines a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with features from other methods so that the deep learning model is enhanced with addtional knowledge sources. In our proposed model, the CNN component will learn the representation of two given questions, then combined additional features through a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) to measure  similarity between the two questions. We tested our proposed model on the SemEval 2016 task-3 data set and obtain better results in comparison with previous studies on the same task.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3700 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Mach. Learn. Comput.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJMLC
  • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Lin Huang
  • Executive Editor:  Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Abstracing/Indexing: Inspec (IET), Google Scholar, Crossref, ProQuest, Electronic Journals Library.
  • E-mail: ijmlc@ejournal.net

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